When it comes to fishing rods, there’s a multitude of different options available; so how can you know what fishing rod is right for you and your needs? If you need help picking out the perfect rod for your type of fishing (saltwater, freshwater, bass, etc) then you’ve come to the right place. Here you will find different types of fishing rods explained, as we take the guesswork out of all the different available rods on the market.
Different Types of Fishing Rods Explained
Casting rods are probably the most commonly used rods for fisherman as it allows them to have an ability to place their bait wherever they want. This type of accurate placement is due to the eyes being placed on top of the rod.
There are two different types of casting rods available on the market. First and foremost, you will find the spin casting rod. This type of rod will typically have smaller eyes near the trigger and a larger one at the reel.
The second type of casting rod, the bait casting rod, will differ in the fact that the eye located near the reel will be slightly smaller. The difference is subtle, which is why the two different types of casting rods are typically not identified and simply sold as ‘casting rods’. However, those who pay extra close attention to the details will be able to decipher between the two models.
Spinning rods are quite similar to casting rods, but there are a few differences that set them apart from their casting rod counterpart. The two most important differences are noted here:
- Spinning rods are smaller in length than casting rods, with a length anywhere between 5 and 9 feet.
- Spinning rods will have a larger amount of eyes, with a range between 5 and 8 eyes. They do, however, also have a larger eye closest to the reel to reduce the overall friction let off by the line.
- Instead of the reel being on top of the rod like a casting rod, the spinning rod will have the reels located beneath the rod. This is a much simpler and easier way to fish overall, which is why they are commonly used by newer fisherman.
- The spinning rod is more lightweight and portable than a casting rod which tends to be a bit more on the heavy side of things.
Fly rods are uniquely designed for speed and ease of use, and are most commonly found during fly fishing. This type of rod is lacking the bulkier pieces found on other types of rod, which means the fisherman can whip their line into the sea or river with ease.
Fly rods are one of the most common types of saltwater fishing rods for those who are looking to snatch saltwater game such as tuna. This is because the specialized design of smaller snake eyes ensures there is ease of release of the line, with a reduced chance of tangling which can be common during fly fishing.
The majority of fly rods will be made using carbon fiber components. This is because this material is extremely flexible, which is great for all types of quick fishing, while remaining highly durable for many years of use.
Sea Fishing Rod
Sea fishing rods are ideal for when you are fishing in the ocean. They are the best types of saltwater fishing rods for all sizes of game. The larger, heavier models are ideal for those seeking to catch larger game like sharks, while smaller, extremely short sea fishing rods are best used for smaller fish.
How to Choose a Good Fishing Rod
There are several different things to consider when buying the fishing rod that is right for you. We’re going to discuss the several different things to take into consideration before making your purchase:
- Consider the length you need. Think about what type of fishing you will be doing, and what type of game you’re after. Smaller, lightweight game will work well with a shorter rod that can be easily manipulated. On the other hand, larger and heavier game may break a short rod, and therefore you should consider a longer rod that can handle the workload.
- Choose the Right Action for Your Needs. Choosing the right action is necessary when purchasing a good fishing rod. The ‘action’ of a fishing rod is determined by where it bends. Heavy action rods will bend at the tip, while lightweight rods bend at the butt. Heavy action is ideal for larger fish, like bass, while lightweight rods are used for smaller game.
- Consider the Material. There are two different materials available for fishing rods: graphite and fiberglass, with some rods containing both. Graphite rods are very lightweight, but they can break easily. Fiberglass rods are heavier and easily manipulated. A combination of graphite and fiberglass is ideal for all fishing settings as they aren’t too heavy but are not easily broken.
- Think about your skill level. Casting rods are far more difficult to use than a spinning rod. If you’re brand new to fishing, it’s best to buy a cheaper spinning rod model than a novice fisherman that can handle the manipulation a casting rod needs.
Choosing the Right Rod for Saltwater Fishing
Saltwater fishing will require a different type of rod depending on the fishing that you’re doing. Furthermore, one should consider buying types of saltwater fishing rods that have materials specifically designed to withstand the possible corrosion that can be done by saltwater.
Aside from the materials, you need to choose a fishing rod for your fishing needs. There’s several types of saltwater fishing done:
- Surf fishing. With this type of fishing, you will be standing on the shore and casting the line into the ocean. Depending on the game you’re after, the rod will either need to support heavy or lightweight game.
- Pier fishing. Much like shore fishing, you will be casting off of a pier into the ocean and the rod will depend solely on the game you’re seeking.
- Inshore fishing. This type of fishing is done in shallow water, so a smaller rod that doesn’t need too much weight is ideal as you’ll likely be catching lightweight game.
- Offshore fishing. This fishing is done in deeper water, which means larger game is typically caught. You will need a heavier rod that has a heavy action to support the catch.
- Trolling fishing has specialty trolling rods that should be used.
- Ice fishing. There are also specialty ice fishing rods that should be used while ice fishing.
Choosing the Right Rod for Freshwater Fishing
There’s several different types of freshwater fishing rods, from ultra lightweight fiberglass rods to more durable casting rods with heavy action. Much like choosing any other type of fishing rod, you need to consider the game you’re trying to catch.
What Size Rod and Action Should be Used for Bass Fishing?
When it comes to catching bass, it’s important to understand the size of the fish. Bass are typically heavy, larger creatures that won’t be able to be caught with a lightweight rod. If the rod you’re using can’t handle the load a bass offers, then you’ll likely find yourself coming up empty. Consider the following:
- What kind of rod is best for bass fishing? There’s lots of different types of bass fishing rods on the market, but the rest rods are going to be durable rods with a heavy action that can take on the challenge of this big fish.
- What size rod for bass fishing? Size is important when choosing the right rod. Like previously stated, the rod size should be large enough to take on the heavy weight of a bass.
- What action rod for bass fishing? The action on your rod needs to be heavy so it does not break when trying to reel the fish in.
Understanding Fishing Rods
Fishing rods, whether you opt for a casting rod or a spinning rod, can almost be used interchangeably. They are highly similar and can work for different fishing situations. First and foremost you need to make the choice on whether you’ll be working with a casting rod (which are slightly more difficult) or a spinning rod (which is perfect for lightweight game and amateur fishermen).
Once you decide on the type of fishing rod you need, you can take the next steps and dive into further details regarding your needs. Consider the size of the game you will be catching, whether you’ll be in freshwater or saltwater, and lastly consider the price.
While you shouldn’t skimp on your fishing rod if you’re a novice fisherman picking up large game such as sharks, a newer fishman won’t need to spend as much. When just starting out, find a cheaper model that can help you understand the fishing process a bit better.
There are many different fishing rods on the market. Take into consideration your specific needs before making your purchase. Decide between a casting rod and a spinning rod and take it from there.